Friday, 14 May 2021

Gunpowder Plotters - Gentlemen All

It's those Gunpowder Plotters again. I'm giving a Zoom talk on behalf of The Yorkshire Heraldry Society on Wednesday 19th May.

Tickets (free) to attend this virtual event (Zoom) can be obtained here



 

Squirrels & Chevrons; The Arms of the Descendants of Lidulph de Twemlow.

 I shall be presenting a Zoom talk on behalf of The Oxford University Heraldry Society on Thursday 3rd June titled: Squirrels & Chevrons; The Arms of the Descendants of Lidulph de Twemlow.

Seaton, in his book The Law and Practice of Heraldry in Scotland, in discussing origins of the assumption of surnames states that: "During the middle ages, it was a common practice for younger sons, instead of retaining their patronymic, to adopt the names of their estates or places of residence. thus, a member of the English family of Botteville, from whom the Marquis of Bath is descended, adopted the name of John of the Inne, or Thynne, from the circumstances of his having resided at one of the Inns of Court. Camden, in his Remaines, illustrates the extent of this custom by an instance of a Cheshire family, in which no fewer than nine changes of surname took place in only three generations of male descendants, soon after the Conquest." In my talk, I illustrate this example.

To register for this talk, you need to visit the Oxford University Heraldry website: 


The link will then be sent to you a few days before the event.

When I first put together the talk, I had not identified some of the quartered coats of Cliff, or Clive of Huxley but I have now done so. Rather than alter the presentation, I make note of the additions here.


Cliff or Clive of Huxley
Arms: Quarterly of six coats -
1 and 6 Argent on a fesse between three wolves' heads erased Sable as many mullets Or.
2. Ermine on a bend cotised Gules three crescents Or. [Huxley]
3. [Sable] three garbs [Or]. [Styche]
4. Gules, a lion rampant Or between three crosses formee fitchee Argent.
5. Quarterly Argent and Sable four cocks counterchanged. *

1. Crest:  On a mount Vert a griffin passant Argent, ducally gorged Gules.
2. Crest: A wolf's head erased quarterly per pale indented Argent and Sable.
 

* The 5th Quarter is mentioned in the pedigree of Stuche (Styche) in the Visitations of Shropshire 1569 to 1584; Alice daughter and heir of Eduind Broughton of Broughton. Arms: Quarterly Argent and Sable four cocks counterchanged. The arms of William Stuche (Styche) are recorded, in that entry as Sable, three garbs Or. The heading of the Stuche pedigree gives the arms of Will'us Wlonkeslow de Wlonkeslow (Longslow) in com. Salop. Arms : Gules, a lion rampant Or crowned Argent between three crosses formee fitchee of the last. It would appear therefore that quarters 3, 4 and 5 are all brought into the Cliff family by Styche.

 


Wednesday, 5 May 2021

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Standish

Sitting nicely in the fifth group, in which the names of the bearers suggest some quality of the charges, the allusiveness of the arms is naturally less immediately obvious, though the pun becomes apparent with a little thought are the standing dishes of Standish (a little more obvious from the blazon than from the image). 

Aldersey of Middle Aldersey

Arms: Quarterly:
1 & 4 Gules, on a bend engrailed Argent between two cinquefoils Or three leopards' faces Vert.
2 & 3 Sable, three standing dishes Argent. [Standish]               

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Wrenbury

Returning briefly to the fourth section of our classification where we place arms in which charges representing part of the bearers' names are combined with ordinaries we can place the chevron and wrens of Wrenbury; arms recorded in Daniel King's Vale Royal but a family extinct by the time of the Visitations. 



Wrenbury
Argent, a chevron between three wrens Sable.  

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Savage

In our fifth group, in which the names of the bearers suggest some quality of the charges, the allusiveness of the arms is naturally less immediately obvious, though the pun becomes apparent with a little thought. Surely it is not taxing credulity too far when Savage shows six little black lions as the emblem of his fierce name.



Savage of Clifton

Arms: Quarterly of seventeen -
1 Argent, six lioncels rampant 3,2, and 1, Sable.
2 Gules, a chevron between three martlets Argent [Walkinton]
3 Argent, a pale fusilly Sable [Danyers]
4 Argent, a fesse dancettee Gules [Chedle]
5 Argent, a cross formee, the ends fleury Sable [Swinnerton]
6 Gules, a cross Ermine [Beke]
7 Or, on a fesse Azure, three garbs of the field [Vernon]
8 Quarterly, Or and Gules; over all a bendlet Sable [Malbank]
9 Sable, a fesse humettee Argent [Bostock]
10 Azure, three garbs Or [Randolph Blundeville]
11 Azure, two bars Argent [Venables]
12 Quarterly, Argent and Gules, in the second and third quarters a fret Or [Dutton]
13 Argent, on a bend Gules, three escarbuncles Or [Thornton]
14 Sable [Vert?], a cross engrailed Ermine [Kingsley?]
15 Or, a saltire Sable [Helsby]
16 Azure, a chevron between three garbs Or, a crescent for difference [Hatton]
17 Azure, an estoile issuant from the horns of a crescent Or [Minshull]

1 Crest: An unicorn's head Argent, erased, mained [and armed] Or.
2 Crest: Out of a ducal coronet Or, a lion's jamb erect Sable. 

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Leversage of Wheelock

In our fifth group, in which the names of the bearers suggest some quality of the charges, the allusiveness of the arms is naturally less immediately obvious, though the pun becomes apparent with a little thought. Thus the charges of three black ploughshares between their black chevron hint at their capacity to lever up the soil. 

Leversege of Wheelock

Arms: Quarterly -
1 & 4 Argent, a chevron between three ploughshares Sable.
2 & 3 Argent, a chevron between three Catherine wheels Sable [Wheelock]

Crest: A leopard's head jesant-de-lis *
* The upper part of the fleur-de-lis, usually shewn above the leopard's face, is omitted in the MS.   

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Swettenham

Coming now to the fifth group, in which the names of the bearers suggest some quality of the charges, the allusiveness of the arms is naturally less immediately obvious, though the pun becomes apparent with a little thought. Thus the charges which Swettenham placed on a green bend are spades wherewith a man tills the field in the sweat of his brow.



Swetnam (Swettenham)
Argent, on a bend Vert three spades of the first.  

Sunday, 2 May 2021

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Alcock

Staying within our fourth section of our classification where we place arms in which charges representing part of the bearers' names are combined with ordinaries we can place the chevron and cocks' heads of Alcock of the Ridge. 


Leigh of the Ridge

Arms: Quarterly -
1 Gules, on a cross engrailed Argent a mullet for difference
2 Gules, two bars gemelles Argent, a chief Ermine.
3 Argent, a chevron Sable between three cocks' heads erased Gules [Alcock]
4 Checky Or and Vert, a bend Ermine [Sparke]       

My sharp eyed reader may have noticed that in this fourth section, with one exception, that of the cocks' heads of Alcock which are red, in each each of these shields the field is silver and the charges are all black. Curious.

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Wheelock

Staying within our fourth section of our classification where we place arms in which charges representing part of the bearers' names are combined with ordinaries we can place the chevron and Katherine-wheels of Wheelock. There is also a pun in the Leversage arms but as that fits into the fifth group, in which the names of the bearers suggest some quality of the charges, and therefore the allusiveness of the arms is naturally less immediately obvious, though the pun becomes apparent with a little thought, I shall deal with that one later. 


Leversege of Wheelock
Arms: Quarterly -
1 & 4 Argent, a chevron between three ploughshares Sable.
2 & 3 Argent, a chevron between three Catherine wheels Sable [Wheelock]

Crest: A leopard's head jesant-de-lis *

* The upper part of the fleur-de-lis, usually shewn above the leopard's face, is omitted in the MS.         

Saturday, 1 May 2021

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Henshaw

Staying within our fourth section of our classification where we place arms in which charges representing part of the bearers' names are combined with ordinaries we can place the chevron and moorhens of Henshaw. 




Henshaw
Arms: Argent, a chevron between three moor-hens Sable.   




Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Ravenscroft

Staying within our fourth section of our classification where we place arms in which charges representing part of the bearers' names are combined with ordinaries we can place the chevron and ravens' heads of Ravenscroft. 



Arms: Argent, a chevron between three ravens' heads erased Sable.


Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Beeston

In the fourth section of our classification we place arms in which charges representing part of the bearers' names are combined with ordinaries. In this classification the bend and bees of Beeston sits quite comfortably; although perhaps a bee or bees upon a barrel (a ton) might have been more of a rebus thereby moving it up into the first division.



Beeston of Beeston
Arms: Argent, a bend between six bees volant Sable.
          

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Birchell of Birchell

A rather tenuous pun is that of Birchell. Is it conceivable that the tree which is part of the crest of Birchell of Birchell is not an oak but is really intended for a birch tree? Is it possible, or credible, that the heralds, at their Visitations, erroneously blazoned what should have been a bich tree as an oak? If so, it is, in my humble opinion, an opportunity missed.




Birchells of Birchells (Birtles)

Arms: Quarterly 1 & 4 Argent on a chevron between three cross- crosslets fitchee Azure, as many fleur-de-lis of the field.

2 & 3 Sable, three chevronels Or, each charged with as many fleur-de-lis Gules.

Crest: A lion rampant Azure, supporting an oak tree eradicated Vert, fructed Or.   


Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Aston of Aston

In the the third group, wherein part of the bearer's name is shown by the charges, another example is that of the crest of an ass's head displayed by Aston of Aston.




Aston of Aston
Arms: Quarterly: 1. Per chevron Sable and Argent.
2. Argent, a bend between six bees volant Sable. [Beeston]
3. Per chevron Vert and Ermine, a chevron engrailed counterchanged. [Stoke].
4. Quarterly Argent and Gules, in the second and third quarters a fret Or. [Dutton].
5. Azure, an estoile Or, within the horns of a crescent Argent. [Minshull].
6. Argent, on a fesse nebule Sable, three hares' heads Or. [Hanwell].
7. Argent, a chevron engrailed Sable, a chief of the second.

Crest: An asses' head couped Argent.






Gunpowder Plotters - Gentlemen All

It's those Gunpowder Plotters again. I'm giving a Zoom talk on behalf of The Yorkshire Heraldry Society on Wednesday 19th May. Ticke...

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