Wednesday, 14 April 2021

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Millington of Millington

 Millington of Millington                                                                                                                        Azure, three millstones Argent each charged with a millrind Sable.  

The third group of pun would contain shields of arms in which part only of the names of the owners is indicated by the charges. Of this type are coats like that of Millington of Millington, who placed three silver millstones in his blue shield.

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Delves of Doddington

Argent, a chevron Gules fretty Or between three delves (sods of turf) Sable.          

In what might be considered a slightly less obvious group might be placed those coats in which charges whose names are the whole names of the bearers are combined with other charges. Delves of Doddington, so pleased to add the chevron of the Audley colours between the three black delves in his silver shield, could be included in this type of pun; here we see both the play on his name and his proclamation of his kinship with that Staffordshire squire whom James Audley delighted to honour for his valorous work at Poitiers.

Tuesday, 13 April 2021

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire

We all like a good heraldic pun and one of my favourites is the arms of Toft. 

The Tofts of Toft, a very ancient Cheshire house, charged their silver shield with a black chevron and three text T's of the same, the T oft repeated being an exact representation of their name. 

Extracts from Ormerod's History of Chester illustrating that the original Toft of Toft coat did not have the chevron.

Shotwick and Hockenhull

Having just started the emblazonment of the arms of Mrs. Margaret Hockenhull, late wife of John Hokenhull of Prenton," 1613, I noted that there is no tincture given for the field of the Shotwick quarter and that the Hockenhull arms are noted as being in the 2nd and 3rd quarters rather than the 1st and 4th. 

The first port of call (for the tincture of the shield) is, as always, Burke's but there is no entry for Shotwick. So, I looked for what I could find on Shotwick Hall and came across details of these arms in the Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 12th March 1914, Shotwick Hall.

"Transactions Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire  12th March 1914

Shotwick Hall

In the parlour, to the right, there is a carving over the mantelpiece, disfigured by successive coats of paint ; in the centre are the arms of Hockenhull of Hockenhull and Shotwick, with helm and mantlet, viz. Crest on a wreath, party per fesse, Argent and Or, a buck's head and neck erased, attired Or, pierced through the nostrils with a dart in bend of the last, feathered Argent, barbed Azure. 

Arms Quarterly, 1 and 4, a plain cross [Shotwick] ; 2 and 3, Argent, an ass's head erased Sable [Hockenhull].

In regard to the Shotwick arms, nothing is obtainable at Heralds' College, but from the funeral certificate of " Mrs. Margaret Hocknell, late wife of John Hokenhull of Prenton," 1613, they appear to have been a plain cross Sable, and these arms are shown in the first and fourth quarters of an achievement over a mantelpiece in the present Hall, with the date 1662, Hockenhull occupying the second and third quarters (see p. 68). The placing of the arms of Shotwick in the first and fourth quarters is curious, especially as the Hockenhulls did not sell their manor of Hockenhull until some fifty years later, and perhaps argues that they considered Shotwick the more important possession. In earlier times, it is true, the great folk regarded their quarterings less as marks of identity and evidences of descent than as emblems of their seigniories, placing the most important first; but the present instance seems a very late survival of that practice. Perhaps, however, the arms were copied from an old seal. In Scotland quarterings also implied the possession of lands. This was so much the case that, though the third Marquess of Montrose (d. 1684) married Lady Christian, younger daughter and co-heiress in blood of John Leslie, Duke of Rothes, yet, as she did not share in her father's lands, her arms have not been quartered in the Montrose escutcheon as they would be now. In foreign coats quarterings are often employed to denote the possession of fiefs acquired in other ways than by marriage, e.g. by bequest or purchase, or even the jus expectationis. In Harl. MS. 2187, fo. 66b, there are depicted the crest and coat of Hockenhull, the latter quartering 2 and 3 Argent a cross Sable ; the cross is faintly drawn in pencil as voided, but the tinctures are denoted by the letters A and S in ink. In Harl. MS. 1535, fo. 35b, a shield is reserved for Shotwick, but no arms are filled in."

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Lupus

Hugh Lupus

Azure, a wolf's head erased Argent.

The famous arms attributed to Hugh Lupus are perhaps in the first division of heraldic puns even though this great Domesday earl was not really armigerous in the sense in which we understand the term however, once we accept that these arms are attributed, they must stand as a most dignified representation of an heraldic pun 

Attributed coat of arms of Hugh d'Avranches, Earl of Chester (Hugh Lupus)

Sunday, 11 April 2021

Richard Grosvenor, Esquire, 1619.

 Richard Grosvenor, Esquire, 1619.

Arms: Quarterly of thirteen coats: 1, Azure, a garb Or [Grosvenor]; 2, Sable, a cross flory Argent [Pulford (the cross should possibly be patonce)]; 3, Azure, three pheasants Or [Fesant]; 4, Quarterly Argent and Sable, a cross flory counterchanged [Eaton]; 5, Vert, three stumps of trees, couped and eradicated Argent [Stockton]; 6, Argent, a bend Sable between three pellets [Cotton]; 7, Azure, an eagle displayed Argent [Cotton]; 8, Gules, three swords erect, two and one Argent, hilts Or [Waldeshef of Boylston]; 9, Or, six eagles displayed, three, two and one Sable, a canton Ermine [Basing]; 10, Argent, three birds (?falcons), close Gules; 11, Sable three owls Or; 12, Azure, two bars Argent [Venables*]; 13, Or, a fess Azure [Vernon].
Crest: A talbot statant Or.   

* Azure, two bars Argent recorded as the arms of Wilbraham in record of the arms of Grosvenor of Eaton in the Visitations of Cheshire 1663 however, the arms of Wilbraham have a canton upon which is a wolf's head.

** This coat also features in the arms of Grosvenor of Eaton in the 1663 Visitations however, the trees are recorded as Or.

Saturday, 10 April 2021

Dame Elizabeth Grosvenor, 1628.

 Funeral Certificates

Dame Elizabeth Grosvenor, 1628.

Daughter and sole heir to Sir Peter Warberton of Grafton [1st husband Sir Thomas Stanley of Auderley. 2nd husband Sir Richard Grosvenor of Eaton]

Arms, Quarterly of four: 1, Quarterly, Argent and Gules, in the second and third a fret Or, in the first quarter an ermine spot; over all a crescent for difference; 2, Argent, a chevron between three cormorants Sable; 3, Argent, two chevronels Gules on a canton of the second, a mullet Or; 4, Barry wavy of six Argent and Sable, a chief per pale Ermine and Gules, the latter charged with a fleur-de-lis Or; a crescent Sable for difference.

[I have not rendered these arms in a lozenge]    

The first quarter is for Dutton* but bears an additional charge of  fleur-de-lis in the first quarter as well as the cadency mark. The second quarter is for Warburton and the third is Warburton Ancient, or Orreby. I have yet to identify the fourth quarter.  

*I received a reminder from Richard Lichten of a note by Clive Cheeseman (Coat of Arms, Journal of the Heraldry Society, Volume II 2006) that the Warburtons claimed male-line descent from Adam of Dutton, who had half the manor of Warburton in frank marriage with Agnes daughter of Roger son of Alured, the other half being granted to him by the Prior of St John of Jerusalem in 1189; see also G . Ormerod, History of the Count y Palatine and City of Chester (3 vols., London 1819), vol. 1, pp. 430-1. The family therefore frequently displayed the arms of Dutton in first place, sometimes adding a crescent to indicate that Adam was a second son.     

Heraldic Puns abound in Cheshire - Millington of Millington

  Millington of Millington                                                                                                                  ...

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