Tuesday, 29 September 2020

Sir Malcolm Innes, heraldic expert

 Sir Malcolm Innes, heraldic expert

An Obituary by Gordon Caseley

Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight, Modernist Lord Lyon who brought Scots heraldry into the 21st century. Born: 25 May 1938 in Edinburgh; Died: 20 September 2020, in Edinburgh, aged 82.

Lord Lyon Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight maintained the position of Scots heraldry as the purest and finest in the world, developing a modern matrix envied by heraldically developing nations such as Canada, Finland and South Africa. When breaches of heraldic law occurred, his was the swift hand in correction.

When the first British Airways flight into Edinburgh boasting a new coat-of-arms on the tail, Lyon Innes firmly informed BA that they were employing arms not legally recognised in Scotland. BA speedily matriculated their arms in Scotland to satisfy Scots law.

The cliché of “the Lyon’s den” was anathema to the modernising Sir Malcolm. While enforcing centuries-old heraldic law, he ensured that legislation met current standards, presiding as a judge of the realm in the only country where a court of heraldry and genealogy is fully integrated into the judicial system.

He appointed the first woman herald in the world in 1992, a move so far copied only by Canada and Ireland. Thus the heralds on duty at the first opening ceremony of the Scottish Parliament in 1999 proved gender balance in an era before the term ever entered common parlance.

His reign (as the term of office of a Lyon is quaintly termed) oversaw the introduction of heraldic charges (the devices on shields) to cope with late 20th century needs such as computing and electronics, a period by which time he had long been familiar with heraldic use representing DNA and space travel.

He encouraged a move away from Latin as a base for mottoes, suggesting that a language relevant to the petitioner for arms be considered. His father Sir Thomas had as Lyon in 1956 granted Shetland Isles Council the motto in Old Norse “Med Logum Skal Land Byggji” (By law shall the land be built up). Thus in Sir Malcolm’s time came mottoes in English, Greek, French, Welsh and several Asiatic tongues. He took particular interest in the use of Scots, with “Leal” (True-hearted) being granted in 1987 – the shortest motto in Scots of all time. His example encouraged his Lyonic successors. Thus Aberdeen and North-East Scotland Family History Society bears the Doric motto of “Aye Tyaavin Awa”.

Third son of Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, redoubtable Lord Lyon for nearly a quarter-of-a-century from 1945, and his wife Lady Lucy Buchan, Malcolm Rognvald Innes grew up steeped in heraldry and armory. At Edinburgh Academy age 10 in 1948, he saw service as a Lyon Court page, and while still at Edinburgh University in 1957, he gained the appointed of Falkland Pursuivant Extraordinary.

A non-heraldic memory was that so little alcohol was ever served in his boyhood home near Torphins, Aberdeenshire, that the young Malcolm grew up believing that whisky was solely to counter wasp and bee stings.

Learning and authorship saw his rapid rise through heraldic ranks, being appointed Lord Lyon in 1981, the 35th Lyon since Henry Greve (Greve) in 1399, a position with origins in the seannachie of Celtic kings.

Aware that heraldry could become stultified, he readily acted on a suggestion in late 1976 by heraldist Charles Burnett (later himself a distinguished officer of arms) to form an association for the study and use of heraldry. In February the following year, he started out as first chairman of the Heraldry Society of Scotland, today an active grouping with some 400 members.

Of early society days, he recalled: “We went on many wonderful (heraldic) excursions, fortified with good picnics and bottles of decent wine. In those days, I was described by Lady Olga Maitland in her column (in the Daily Express) as “a robust partygoer!”.

In a lecture to the society, Sir Malcolm predicted heraldry in globalisation would increasingly occupy a role in preserving identity for the individual and family, and for institutions local and national. Adding that the desire for individual identity ran very deep in Scotland, he invoked his famously dry wit, turning for authority to his wife’s hairdresser, this lady informing Lady Innes that Edinburgh’s “leading tattoo parlour” never applied exactly the same tattoo to customers. “Each pattern is absolutely individual”, she said.

As Lyon, Sir Malcolm was responsible for several far-reaching decisions on the laws of arms, passing judgement on numerous claims and disputes on the succession to titles and chiefships, including the Earldom of Annandale, the Lordship of Borthwick, and the Dunbar of Mochrum baronetcy

His extensive writings included a revised edition of Scots Heraldry, from the original written by his father. Heavily involved in Scots culture and history, Sir Malcolm was a founder and later president of the Scottish Genealogy Society, and an active past president of the Royal Celtic Society

Essentially modest and never one to seek the limelight, Sir Malcolm welcomed visitors of all distinction and none to Lyon Office. Many an intending armiger (owner of a coat-of-arms) has benefitted from his kindly intervention in heraldic design. He retained the dignity of his ancient office while leaving admiration of the majesty of it to others.

Sir Malcolm, 16th laird of Edingight in Banffshire, was appointed CVO in 1981, and promoted KCVO nine years later. He died of cancer, and was predeceased in 2013 by his wife of half-a-century Joan Hay, scion of the Tweeddale Hays. He is survived by his three sons, John, now 17th of Edingight; Michael of Crommey; Colin of Kinnairdy; and eight grandchildren ranging in age from seven to 24.


Wednesday, 23 September 2020

Keep off the Booths (sic)

The Booths have been in the news recently.

Of some Cheshire interest is the fact that Dr Claire Booth (aka Lady Ulster) is descended from the Booths of Twemlow. Lady Ulster is the the elder of two daughters and therefore a co-heiress, meaning that Booth arms will eventually be quartered with the Royal Arms (differenced for Gloucester, D).

Coat of arms of Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster, marshalling his wife's ancient patrilineal Booth family arms. Image produced for Wikipedia by Vanderchenok.

While we're on the subject of the Booths, the January 2020 Newsletter of The College of Arms records the grant of arms, crest and badge to BOOTH, Edwin John, of Osbaldeston, Lancashire, CBE, DL. Garter and Norroy and Ulster Kings of Arms. 6/11//2019. College reference: Grants 182/209.

Sadly, as usual, there is no further information so we can only speculate as to the blazon. This is a grant of arms to Edwin Booth of supermarket-fame (he's adopted).

Way back in August 2008 I wrote about revising the image of the arms of the Booths of Allerton Beeches for Burke's Peerage but it seems that the present owners of the Burke's brand are now considering a further print volume and they are requesting non digital images; not quite sure how I'll deal with that one and I'm not quite sure how the general peerage/baronetage will react to such a request. I'll give it some thought. 

Meanwhile, the photo below was kindly sent to me by Richard Adamson and it records the visit to the UK, in autumn last year, of Sir Douglas Booth Bt. It was taken in Lincolns Inn.

From Left to Right.
Dr. Donald Adamson (Richard's Father), Mark Watson-Gandy (Richard's Cousin), 
Sir Douglas Booth and Richard Adamson. 

In case you're wondering, the Adamsons are related to the Booths and I've worked with Richard on a couple of heraldic projects (it was Richard who asked me to update the Booth arms for the Burke's entry back in 2008).

[According to Wikipedia] The Booth Baronetcy, of Allerton Beeches in the City of Liverpool, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 24 January 1916 for Sir Alfred Allen Booth, a Director of Alfred Booth and Company and Chairman of the Cunard Steamship Company. He was a member of a cadet branch of the ancient Cheshire family, being descended via the Booths of Twemlow. The title is held by his grandson, Sir Douglas Booth, 3rd Baronet, who succeeded his father in 1960. He is a television and film writer living in the United States with his wife and two daughters. The eminent Victorian social researcher and philanthropist Charles Booth, uncle of Sir Alfred Booth, 1st Baronet, much to Gladstone's dismay, declined a seat in the House of Lords as a Viscount. Dr Claire Booth, wife of Alex Ulster, also descends from this family.

Heraldry in Norfolk

 Here is a flyer a flier from the authors about a new volume in the series "Heraldry in Norfolk", covering the Fincham area in the west of Norfolk.

Tuesday, 28 July 2020

The Adderley Monument

Following on from my earlier report of my perambulations around Leek, the town of my birth, on Monday the 20th July last, I reported that I managed to take a look inside the Church of St. Edward the Confessor (open for viewing and private prayer on Mondays and Fridays). 

Immediately inside the porch, on the left, but difficult to photograph as it is obscured by the large and heavy entrance door when open, is The Adderley Monument. 

I'm afraid that a larger image really wouldn't help as I had to bend around the open door and attempt a "wild" shot of a photograph so it isn't really very good at all however, the arms are as follows:

1st & 4th Adderley, quartering 2nd Bowyer and 3rd Bagnall. On a shield of pretence 1st, Arderne, 2nd Mills, 3rd Cotton, 4th Sleigh.
Crest: Adderley (on a chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a stork Argent.)

1) Adderley (of Hame Hall): Argent, on a bend Azure three mascles of the field.
2) Bowyer (Knypersley Co. Stafford): Argent, a lion rampant between three crosses crosslet  fitchee Gules. 
3) Bagnall: Sable, within an orle of martlets Argent, an inescutcheon Ermine charged with a leopards face Gules. (N.B.) I need to double check this as these arms could have been Per saltire Or and Ermine a lion rampant Azure (in which case the arms are for Bagnall of Broseley).

Note to self: I need to return and take notes for this one as the photograph really is no good!  

It doesn't wash (well not with me anyway)!

It  has come to my attention that a letter, from Dr, Jose Herrera, Malta's minister for National Heritage, Arts and Local Government is being sent to those who are making enquiries about the status of the so called Chief Herald of Arms of Malta.

This letter is of course a complete nonsense. The very Act of Parliament which created Heritage Malta demands that the Ministry of Culture presents a written paper to Parliament, so that Parliament can decide when changes such as this are made. Of course it is a matter for a Sovereign State to decide how it appoints a Chief Herald but how does a Sovereign State decide such matters - by a decision of or an Act of Parliament. It is preposterous for any Minister, let alone a Minister of Culture, to pretend to have assumed the powers of State without any authority of Parliament. Section 10 of the Act of Parliament which created Heritage Malta does not allow the Minister of Culture any such delegated powers. That is the crux of the matter. 

The full details of my forensic examination of the FAQs is available here: Examination into the claims of the "Chief Herald of Malta".

I await the findings of the Chief Investigator.

Thursday, 23 July 2020

Leek's Civic Heraldry (and the finest garden gate in England)

On Monday I had time to spend the best part of the day, camera in hand, walking the streets of the town of my birth, Leek, in the Staffordshire Moorlands, and had the opportunity to spend some time visiting St. Edwards Church, where I was baptised a lifetime ago. This post however, is a continuation of my Civic tributes. The Town Council Offices are on Stockwell Street and the Town's arms are proudly displayed on the swinging sign outside.

Arms : Azure a Saltire patonce between in chief a Stafford Knot in fesse two Suns and in base a Garb all Or. Crest : Out of a Mural Crown Or charged with three Mulberry Leaves proper a Mount of Heather thereon a Moorcock also proper resting the dexter claw on a Leek small-weave Shuttle Gold threaded Gules.  Motto: 'ARTE FAVENTE NIL DESPERANDUM'- Our skill assisting us, we have no cause for despair.

The arms were officially granted on May 7, 1956 to Leek Urban District Council but are now used by Leek Town Council.

The basic colours of the arms are gold on a blue ground, the colours of the Earldom of Chester, Dieulacrcsse Abbey, the Kingdom of Mercia and St. Edward. The cross, is that of St. Edward, patron saint of the parish, here it is set X-wise to recall the golden saltire on blue from the arms traditionally associated with the Saxon earldom and kingdom of Mercia, in which Leek held an important place under Earl Ælfgar. The Stafford Knot, like that in the arms of the County Council, indicates the town's importance in North Staffordshire. The wheat sheaf, is from the arms of the Earls of Chester, from whom the manor of Leek was held by the monks of Dieulacresse Abbey, founded in 1214 by Ranulph, Earl of Chester. The two suns recall the well-known Leek phenomenon of the "double sunset" and also refer to those in the arms of the family of Nicholson who have been so closely connected with Leek's modern development.

The mural crown is a symbol of local government and recalls Leek's traditional title of "Capital of the Moorlands". The mulberry leaves stand for the silk industry and the mound of heather and moorcock refer, to the moorlands, and also to the local archaeological feature, Cock Low. The special type of small-weave shuttle is characteristic of the local Industry.

The motto is that which was in use before the arms were granted.

On February 27, 2008, there was a rather silly and ill informed report in the leek Post & Times on the crest and I have written about this elsewhere in this weblog. Council in flap over Town Crest Fowl Up!

The town has quite a few rather wonderful heraldic seats, a rather innovative way of reflecting the Town's arms. This one is on the elevated section on the junction of Mill Street and West Street.

Whilst on my wee tour, I really couldn't resist taking a photo of what must have a claim to be the finest garden gate in the whole of England. It's not heraldry but who could resist it?   

The entrance gate to Greystones, 23 Stockwell Street, Leek. Greystones is a C.17 grade 2 Listed Building. William Morris stayed here 1875-1878.

A demi-dragon, collared, holding a cross crosslet fitchee

This one has eluded me for years. It is a a crest featured above the front door of a house, on 30 Stockwell Street Leek, Staffordshire, opposite the old Cottage Hospital.

I visited Leek on Monday to take the photo and it looks to me to be a demi-dragon, collared, holding a cross crosslet fitchee. His wings appear to be charged with a number of smaller charges which I can’t make out. The Motto “Pro Cruce” is Latin and (roughly) translates as For the Cross. Any information gratefully appreciated. (I should say that although it looks as though it may be an original feature, there is always the possibility that it is a piece of architectural salvage added to the building at a later date in which case, it may have nothing to do with the history of the house itself!)

My first thought was that the motto could possibly be a pun on Crusso/Cruso, a notable local family, however, the only listed Crusso/Cruso coat of arms (Burke's General Armory) has a crest of a cross forme Or; there is no entry for Crusso/Cruso in the British Dictionary of Arms. 

Reading Blue Coat School has a similar crest (but not the same).

Sir Malcolm Innes, heraldic expert

 Sir Malcolm Innes, heraldic expert An Obituary by Gordon Caseley Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight, Modernist Lord Lyon who brought Scots hera...

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